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Universität Bielefeld > Faculty of Educational Science > Perceptions of Inclusion Questionnaire

What does the PIQ measure?

The Perceptions of Inclusion Questionnaire (PIQ) is a very reliable short questionnaire that measures three dimensions of inclusion of students in 3rd to 8th Grade (8- to 16-year-olds). All versions of the PIQ are composed of 12 items, with four items in each of the three subscales:

1) Social Inclusion (4 items)

2) Emotional Inclusion (4 items)

3) Academic Self-concept (4items).

The PIQ exist as a self-report scale for students, as well as a version that is filled out by parents or teachers. The scales may be used by researchers or pedagogues to estimate the student’s inclusion. The PIQ exists in many languages.