The faculty is divided into eleven working areas, in which a total of 30 university lecturers and 40 academic staff members teach and conduct research.
In research, the faculty is characterised by global society studies and inequality studies. The two profile priorities span a large number of individual projects and collaborative research. In addition, a large number of individual research projects are carried out at the faculty, covering a broad spectrum of sociological, political science and social science topics and research areas. The list of current externally funded projects at the faculty can be found here.
Referenz: Adriaans, J., & Fourré, M. (2022). Basic social justice orientations—measuring order-related justice in the European Social Survey Round 9. Measurement Instruments for the Social Sciences, 4(1), 11.
Individuals hold normative ideas about the just distribution of
goods and burdens within a social aggregate. These normative ideas
guide the evaluation of existing inequalities and refer to four
basic principles: (1)Equalitystands for an equal
distribution of rewards and burdens. While the principle of (2) need
takes individual contributions into account, (3) equity
suggests a distribution based on merit. The (4) entitlement
principle suggests that ascribed (e.g., gender) and achieved
status characteristics (e.g., occupational prestige) should
determine the distribution of goods and burdens. Past research has
argued that preferences for these principles vary with social
position as well as the social structure of a society. The Basic
Social Justice Orientations (BSJO) scale was developed to assess
agreement with the four justice principles but so far has only
been fielded in Germany. Round 9 of the European Social Survey
(ESS R9 with data collected in 2018/2019) is the first time; four
items of the BSJO scale (1 item per justice principle) were
included in a cross-national survey program, offering the unique
opportunity to study both within and between country variation. To
facilitate substantive research on preference for equality,
equity, need, and entitlement, this report provides evidence on
measurement quality in 29 European countries from ESS R9.
Analyzing response distributions, non-response, reliability, and
associations with related variables, we find supportive evidence
that the four items of the BSJO scale included in ESS R9 produce
low non-response rates, estimate agreement with the four
distributive principles reliably, and follow expected correlations
with related concepts. Researchers should, however, remember that
the BSJO scale, as implemented in the ESS R9, only provides
manifest indicators, which therefore may not cover the full
spectrum of the underlying distributive principles but focus on
specific elements of it.